Nutrition and Supplementation Basics in a Beginner’s Gym Guide

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So you’re interested in starting your weightlifting journey, but you feel overwhelmed by the abundance of information available online. The fact that you clicked on this video shows that you’ve made a great decision. Rest assured, I’ll guide you through each step to help you start weightlifting. Additionally, I’ll provide you with essential information on nutrition and supplementation, as well as a complete workout routine for you to follow. I promise to simplify everything for you, making it easy to understand and eliminating any fears or uncertainties you may have. Don’t worry about feeling self-conscious, as nobody will judge you based on your current physique. Remember, everyone starts somewhere, and people are more than willing to assist you if you seek their help. This video even includes a full workout routine that you can join! The routine focuses on the fundamental exercises that will be crucial as you progress. It is a 4-day workout split, consisting of workout A and workout B. Always warm up before your workout, even if it’s just a short one. The basic exercises included in this routine are bench press, incline bench press, overhead press, squats, pull-ups, deadlifts, and bicep curls. I encourage you to prioritize proper technique, even if it means reducing the weight a bit. By doing so, you’ll see faster progress! Remember to follow the principle of progressive overload and keep track of all your workouts. Additionally, make sure you consume 1 gram of protein per pound of bodyweight, spreading it over 3-5 meals. It’s also advisable to calculate your maintenance calories and determine whether you should bulk or cut based on your body type (skinny fat, skinny, or overweight). Lastly, when it comes to supplementation, I recommend investing in protein powder and creatine, as they are definitely worth the money. However, I don’t believe BCAAs and EAAs are necessary. Apply the knowledge gained from this video and finally achieve the muscular physique you’ve always desired! Are you a beginner looking for a comprehensive guide to starting your gym journey? Look no further! Trainer Winny has got you covered with their beginner’s gym guide, which includes a full training plan and covers all the necessary information you need to know. In addition to the workout routine, this guide also includes basics of nutrition and supplementation, ensuring that you have all the tools you need to succeed.

Trainer Winny understands the overwhelm that can come with starting a new fitness journey, but they are here to assist you every step of the way. In their video, they emphasize the importance of not feeling self-conscious and seeking help from trainers or experienced friends. With a focus on basic exercises such as bench press, squats, pull-ups, and deadlifts, this guide is designed to help you build a solid foundation and overcome any fears or uncertainties you may have. So, take the first step towards achieving your muscle-building goals and start your gym journey with confidence!

Nutrition and Supplementation Basics in a Beginners Gym Guide

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Nutrition Basics

Importance of Nutrition

Nutrition plays a crucial role in achieving your fitness goals. It not only provides your body with the necessary energy to perform exercises but also aids in muscle growth and recovery. A well-balanced diet consisting of the right macronutrients and micronutrients is essential to support your workouts and optimize your performance.

Finding Maintenance Calories

Determining your maintenance calories is an important step in managing your nutrition. Maintenance calories refer to the number of calories required to maintain your current weight. To find your maintenance calories, you can use online calculators, consult a nutritionist, or track your food intake and weight over a period of time. Once you know your maintenance calories, you can adjust your intake to either bulk (increase calories) or cut (decrease calories) depending on your goals.

Importance of Protein Intake

Protein is a vital macronutrient that plays a key role in muscle building, repair, and recovery. When you exercise, your muscles undergo stress and damage. Consuming enough protein helps in rebuilding and repairing these muscles, leading to muscle growth and development. It is recommended to consume around 1 gram of protein per pound of body weight. Sources of protein include lean meats, poultry, fish, dairy products, legumes, and tofu.

Other Macronutrients

While protein is essential, it is important to also consume an adequate amount of carbohydrates and fats. Carbohydrates provide energy for your workouts and help replenish glycogen stores in your muscles. Good sources of carbohydrates include whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. Fats, on the other hand, support hormone production and provide insulation and protection for organs. Opt for healthy fats such as avocados, nuts, seeds, and olive oil.

Supplementation Basics

Relevance of Supplementation

Supplements can be a valuable addition to your nutrition plan, especially if you have specific dietary needs or struggle to meet your nutrient requirements through food alone. However, they should not replace a balanced diet. Supplements can help fill nutritional gaps and enhance performance, but they are not a magic solution. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian before starting any supplementation routine.

Recommended Supplements

There are a few key supplements that are commonly recommended for fitness enthusiasts. Protein powder is a popular option as it provides a convenient and quick source of protein. Whey protein, casein protein, and plant-based protein powders are widely available and can help meet your protein needs. Creatine is another commonly used supplement that has been shown to improve strength and power during high-intensity exercises. Other supplements that may be beneficial include multivitamins, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin D.

Unnecessary Supplements

While some supplements can be beneficial, there are others that are unnecessary or may even be harmful. Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) and essential amino acids (EAAs) are often marketed for muscle recovery and growth, but they are not essential if you are consuming enough protein through your diet. Additionally, pre-workout supplements may contain high levels of caffeine or other stimulants, which can have negative effects on your health. It is important to do your research and consult with a professional before incorporating any supplements into your routine.

Proper Dosage and Timing

When it comes to supplements, it is crucial to follow the recommended dosage and timing instructions. Taking more than the recommended amount will not provide additional benefits and may even cause harm. Some supplements are best taken before or after workouts to maximize their effectiveness. For example, protein powder can be consumed before or after exercise to support muscle recovery. It is always helpful to read the product labels or consult with a healthcare professional for guidance on dosage and timing.

Training Basics

Full Training Plan

Having a well-rounded training plan is essential for seeing progress in the gym. A full training plan typically includes a combination of resistance training and cardiovascular exercises. Resistance training involves using weights or resistance bands to challenge and strengthen your muscles. Cardiovascular exercises, such as running or cycling, help improve your cardiovascular fitness and burn calories. It is important to strike a balance between the two to achieve your specific goals.

Importance of Progressive Overload

Progressive overload is a key principle in strength training. It involves gradually increasing the demands placed on your muscles over time. By progressively increasing the weight, reps, or sets, you force your muscles to adapt and grow stronger. This principle applies to both resistance training and cardiovascular exercises. Tracking your progress and consistently pushing yourself to do more is crucial for achieving continuous improvement.

Tracking Workouts

Tracking your workouts is essential for monitoring your progress and making adjustments to your training plan. There are several ways to track your workouts, including keeping a workout journal, using a fitness app, or utilizing a spreadsheet. Record the exercises you performed, the weights used, the number of reps and sets, and any notes or observations. This information will help you identify areas of improvement and ensure you are consistently challenging yourself.

Warming Up

Warming up before your workout is essential to prepare your body for the upcoming physical activity. A proper warm-up routine increases blood flow to your muscles, raises your body temperature, and improves flexibility and range of motion. A typical warm-up can include light aerobic exercises, dynamic stretches, and specific warm-up sets for resistance training exercises. Taking the time to warm up properly can help prevent injuries and improve your overall performance.

Workout Routine

Basic Exercises

As a beginner, it is important to focus on mastering the basic exercises before moving on to more advanced movements. The basic exercises target multiple muscle groups and provide a solid foundation for building strength and muscle. Some of the key basic exercises include the bench press, squats, pull-ups, deadlifts, and overhead press. These compound movements engage multiple muscle groups and allow you to lift heavier weights, leading to greater muscle activation and growth.

Workout A

Workout A focuses on chest, shoulders, triceps, and legs. It includes exercises such as bench press, incline bench press, overhead press, and squats. For each exercise, aim to perform three sets of 10 reps. Start with a weight that challenges you but still allows you to maintain proper form. As you progress, gradually increase the weight to continue challenging your muscles.

Workout B

Workout B targets the back, biceps, and legs. It includes exercises such as pull-ups, barbell row, deadlifts, and biceps curls. Similar to Workout A, aim to perform three sets of 10 reps for each exercise. Adjust the weight as needed to maintain proper form and increase the challenge over time. Don’t forget to warm up before starting your workout to prevent injuries and optimize your performance.

Exercise Techniques

Bench Press

The bench press is a compound movement that primarily targets the chest, shoulders, and triceps. To perform the bench press, lie on a flat bench with your feet firmly on the ground. Grip the barbell slightly wider than shoulder-width apart and unrack the weight. Lower the barbell to your chest while keeping your elbows at a 45-degree angle. Press the weight back up to the starting position, fully extending your arms. Focus on maintaining proper form, keeping your back flat and core engaged throughout the movement.


Squats are a fundamental exercise that targets the lower body, specifically the quadriceps, hamstrings, and glutes. Start by standing with your feet shoulder-width apart and toes slightly turned out. Lower your body by bending at the hips and knees, keeping your chest up and your weight in your heels. Aim to parallelize your thighs with the floor and then push through your heels to stand back up. Focus on maintaining a neutral spine and engaging your core throughout the movement.

Pull Ups

Pull-ups are an excellent exercise for targeting the muscles of the back and biceps. Begin by hanging from a bar with your hands slightly wider than shoulder-width apart and palms facing away from you. Engage your core and pull your body up, focusing on bringing your chest towards the bar. Lower yourself back down in a controlled manner, fully extending your arms. If pull-ups are too challenging, you can use an assisted pull-up machine or resistance bands for assistance. Gradually decrease the assistance as you become stronger.


The deadlift is a compound exercise that targets multiple muscle groups, including the back, hips, glutes, and hamstrings. Start by standing with your feet hip-width apart and the barbell placed in front of you. Hinge at the hips, bending forward with a flat back, and grip the barbell with hands slightly wider than shoulder-width apart. Keep your core engaged as you lift the barbell off the ground, pushing through your heels and fully extending your hips. Lower the barbell back down in a controlled manner, maintaining proper form throughout the movement.

Other Exercises

In addition to the basic exercises mentioned above, there are various other exercises that can be incorporated into your workout routine. These exercises target specific muscle groups and can help add variety to your training. Some examples include lunges, shoulder presses, lat pulldowns, and triceps dips. It is important to continuously challenge yourself and explore different exercises to ensure well-rounded muscle development.

Overcoming Fears and Uncertainties

Seeking Help from Trainers or Friends

Starting a new gym routine can be intimidating, especially for beginners. However, it is important to remember that everyone starts somewhere. Don’t be afraid to ask for help from trainers or experienced friends. They can provide guidance, answer questions, and offer support throughout your journey. Seeking assistance can help alleviate fears and uncertainties and enhance your overall gym experience.

Practicing Basic Exercises

If you feel overwhelmed or uncertain about certain exercises, take the time to practice the basics. Mastering proper form and technique is crucial for preventing injuries and maximizing the effectiveness of your workouts. Start with lighter weights and focus on getting the movement pattern right. Gradually increase the weight as you become more comfortable and confident in your abilities.

Not Feeling Overwhelmed

The gym environment can sometimes be overwhelming, especially if you are surrounded by experienced lifters. Remember to focus on your own journey and progress. It’s normal to start with lower weights and gradually increase as you build strength. Don’t compare yourself to others and celebrate your own achievements. Stay consistent and trust the process, and you will see progress over time.

Setting Realistic Goals

Setting realistic and achievable goals is crucial for maintaining motivation and ensuring long-term success. Be specific about what you want to achieve and set a timeline. Avoid setting unrealistic expectations or comparing yourself to others. Every individual’s journey is unique, and progress will vary from person to person. Celebrate small victories along the way and stay committed to your own progression.

Ways to Track Progress

Recording Sets and Reps

Tracking your workouts by recording the sets, reps, and weights used is an effective way to monitor your progress. This allows you to see improvements over time and helps you stay accountable to your goals. You can use a workout journal, a notes app on your phone, or even a spreadsheet to keep track of your workouts. Regularly reviewing and analyzing your progress will help you make informed decisions and make adjustments to your training plan if necessary.

Measuring Weight and Body Measurements

In addition to tracking your workouts, measuring your weight and body measurements can provide valuable insights into your progress. Weighing yourself regularly and measuring parameters such as body fat percentage, waist circumference, and muscle measurements can help you track changes in your body composition. Remember to focus on overall progress and not solely on the number on the scale, as muscle gain and fat loss may offset each other.

Using Fitness Apps or Journals

Utilizing fitness apps or journals can simplify the process of tracking your progress. Numerous apps are available that allow you to log your workouts, monitor your nutrition, and track various fitness metrics. These apps often provide features such as workout plans, exercise libraries, and progress charts. Alternatively, you can opt for a traditional workout journal where you can write down your workouts and make notes about your performance.

Importance of Protein

Building and Repairing Muscles

Protein is a crucial macronutrient involved in building and repairing muscles. When you exercise, your muscles experience small tears and damage. Consuming enough protein provides the necessary building blocks (amino acids) for repairing and rebuilding these muscles, leading to muscle growth and development. Including high-quality protein sources in your diet is essential for maximizing the benefits of your workouts.

Recommended Daily Protein Intake

The recommended daily protein intake for individuals engaged in regular resistance training is around 1 gram of protein per pound of body weight. This ensures that your body has a sufficient supply of amino acids to support muscle recovery and growth. It is important to spread your protein intake evenly throughout the day, aiming for 3-5 meals or snacks that include a source of protein. This allows for a steady release of amino acids into your muscles.

Sources of Protein

There are various sources of protein to choose from, both animal-based and plant-based. Animal-based sources include lean meats, poultry, fish, eggs, and dairy products. Plant-based sources of protein include legumes, tofu, tempeh, seitan, and plant-based protein powders. It is recommended to include a combination of different protein sources in your diet to ensure a wide range of essential amino acids.

Timing Protein Intake

While spreading your protein intake evenly throughout the day is important, there is also evidence to suggest that consuming protein before and after your workouts can be beneficial for muscle recovery and growth. Consuming protein before your workouts provides your muscles with the necessary amino acids to prevent muscle breakdown during exercise. Consuming protein after your workouts helps kickstart the muscle repair and growth process. Aim to consume a balanced meal or snack with protein within an hour of completing your workout.

Finding Maintenance Calories

Bulking vs Cutting

Finding your maintenance calories is crucial for determining whether you should be in a caloric surplus (bulking) or a caloric deficit (cutting) to achieve your desired physique. Bulking involves consuming more calories than your body needs, which provides the necessary energy and nutrients for muscle growth. Cutting involves consuming fewer calories than your body needs, which creates a calorie deficit and promotes fat loss. Understanding your maintenance calories is the first step in deciding which approach to take.

Calculating Daily Caloric Needs

Calculating your daily caloric needs involves determining the number of calories required to maintain your current weight. Online calculators, such as the Harris-Benedict equation, can provide an estimate based on factors such as age, gender, weight, height, and activity level. However, it is important to remember that these calculators provide rough estimates, and individual variations exist. Tracking your food intake and weight over a period of time can also help determine your maintenance calories.

Monitoring and Adjusting Caloric Intake

Once you have determined your maintenance calories, you can adjust your caloric intake based on your goals. If your goal is to bulk and build muscle, you will need to consume a slight surplus of calories, typically around 200-500 calories above maintenance. If your goal is to cut and lose fat, you will need to create a caloric deficit, typically around 200-500 calories below maintenance. It is important to monitor your progress and make adjustments as necessary to continue progressing towards your goals.


Starting a gym routine can be overwhelming, but with the right knowledge and guidance, you can navigate the process with confidence. This comprehensive guide has covered the basics of nutrition, supplementation, training, workout routines, exercise techniques, overcoming fears, tracking progress, and understanding the importance of protein and finding maintenance calories. Remember to start with the basics, seek help when needed, focus on proper form and technique, track your progress, and set realistic goals. Stay committed, be consistent, and enjoy the journey towards achieving your fitness goals.

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